Primary Lesson Plan (Preschool
(1998) Soldotna, Alaska
||Children of this age group
already know quite a lot about dinosaurs. There
is however a difficulty in distinguishing between
what is real and what is make believe. A particular
difficulty lays in the use of real things (for
instance dinosaurs), in make-believe stories (for
example Jurassic Park).
||Students will be able to distinguish the difference
between real and make believe in general and in
particular to dinosaurs.
||real, make-believe, dinosaurs,
evidence, and extinct
||Have students bring in pictures or actual toys
of dinosaurs and monsters. (Monsters can be from
Sesame Street, Where the Wild Things Are,
children's meal toys, Halloween pictures, etc.)
Include pictures from books or movies in which
dinosaurs are pictured with humans or are talking
- Word cards
- Large note pad
- Magic Marker
||Gather all of the pictures and toys in a large
paper bag. You may need to label items brought
from home. Masking tape works well. Set them out
of sight. Divide the large pad into two sections.
At the top of the first section, write "real",
at the top of the second write, "make-believe".
Have the children brainstorm for a few minutes
the things they know that are real and make-believe.
Write the words into the correct column as the
children say them.
- Ask students how they know if something
is real or make-believe. Ask "What evidence
is there that _________ is real?" If
dinosaurs do not come up in this discussion,
ask "What evidence is there that dinosaurs
are real?" Probably, some student will
say that dinosaurs are extinct. Talk about
what this means.
- Bring out the bag of toys and pictures.
Tell the children that the class is going
to sort the objects in the bag. Tell the students
that there may be many ways to sort the objects
in the bag. Say, "Today we are going
to sort the objects by real, or make-believe.
If the picture or object represents something
that has really existed put it in the real
pile. If the picture or object is something
that someone made up, put it in the make-believe
pile." This can be tricky since the toys
and pictures themselves are real, what they
represent may not be.
- Show the students the word cards "real"
and "make believe". Demonstrate
how you would sort several of the objects.
Place the correct word card next to the appropriate
pile. Be sure to point out that
people and dinosaurs never lived at the same
time. Go over any objects that you think
are particularly tricky.
- Divide the class up into groups of four
or five students. Give each group two word
cards, one with "real" printed on
it, and one with "make-believe"
printed on it. Give each group enough objects
to spend a few minutes sorting.
- As students sort, talk with them about why
they put the different objects into the groups
that they do. Ask questions to help them.
|Have students show their sorted piles to the
whole group. Let them explain their work. If you
have time let the children tell a make-believe
story, or tell a few facts about an animal by
using the toys.
||Students may like to choose either the fiction
or nonfiction pile and write about the objects
in the piles. Have some books about dinosaurs
on hand to sort into fictional and non-fictional
|dinosaurs - One group of extinct reptiles
(orders Saurischia and Ornithischia) that lived
during the Mesozoic
|evidence - Observations that support
if something is true or false. For example you
observe that a dropped ball falls. This observation
supports the theory of gravitation. Note, however,
that this observation does not prove that gravitation
exists. Much more evidence is required to support
extinct - When all members of a species
no longer exist. Extinction can happen in several
ways. First, when all living members of a species
die off. Or, when a species evolves (changes
through time) into a new species.